Basti (Herbal Enema)

BASTI (Herbal Enema)

The procedure in which the medicaments are introduced inside the body through the rectum with the help of animal urinary bladder is termed as Basti.
Basti (Herbal Enema)
Author:Dr.Milind Kumavat   M.D.(AYURVEDA)



Medicine stays in large intestine for some time after its introduction
through the rectum, which causes movements in large intestine and
waste materials there in which are begged for their elimination.

􀂃 An organ where urine is collected i.e. urinary bladder, which is situated below the umbilicus.

􀂃 An instrument which is used to introduce Basti drugs in the rectum.

Definition of Basti :

·        The apparatus used for introducing the medicated materials is madeup of Basti or animal urinary bladder.
·        The procedure in which the medicaments are introduced inside the body through the rectum with the help of animal urinary bladder is termed as Basti.
·        The bag made by animal bladder is termed as Basti.
·        Acharya Charaka has defined the Basti as the procedure in which
the drug prepared according to classical reference is administered through rectal canal reaches upto the Nabhi Pradesha, Kati, Parshva, Kukshi churns the accumulated Dosha and Purisha spreads the unctuousness (potency of the drugs) all over the body and easily comes out along with the churned Purisha(Stool) and Doshas is called Basti.

·        According to modern science, enema is the procedure in which any liquid preparation is introduced through rectum by means of adequate instruments (Ghosh) or injection as liquid or gas into the rectum.


EFFECT OF BASTI

·        It purifies all the systems and make a clear passage upto microchannel level
·        It acts on various disorders because of the selection of
the drug according to disease.
·        Curative.
·        Uncomplicated.
·        Basti can be administered at any age and at any stage of disorder after proper examination. It also can be given in normal persons too.

Promotive Aspects :

·        Sustains Age.
·        Provides better life, improves strength
·        digestive Power, voice and complexion.
·        Perform all functions.
·        Provide firmness.
·        Corpulence quality.
·        Lightness in viscera / systems because removal of morbid matter from all over the body.
·        Restores normalcy 
·        Increases Relish.


Curative Aspect:

·        Relieves Stiffness.
·        Relieves contractions and adhesions.
·        Effective in paralytic conditions.
·        Effective in dislocation and fracture conditions.
·        Effective in those conditions where vata aggravated in
·        Shakha/extremities.
·        Relieves pain.
·        Effective in disorders of GI tract.
·        Effective in diseases of Shakha and Kostha.
·        Effective in the diseases of vital parts, upper extremities and Localized or General part.
·        Beneficial to debilitated and weak persons.
·        Arrest premature old age and the progress of white hair.

Preventive Aspects :

·        Beneficial in constipation.
·        Effective to purify various systems of the body.

Rejuvinative Aspect :

·        Increases the quantity and quality of sperm.
·        Effective to restore the normal functions of blood and other Dhatu
·        It provides strength by increasing muscle power.
·        Beneficial as geriatrics.


Effect On Brain And Psychology:

·        Improves intellectual power.
·        Provides clarity of mind.
·        Improves clarity of sense organs.
·        Induces sound sleep.
·        Lightness.
·        Exhilaration.
·        Invigorates eyesight.
·        Spright lightness of mind.


Effective At Any Age And In Any Season :

·        Basti is non antagonistic to  healthy,diseased and old persons.
Applicable in all seasons.
·        Basti can be administered in child and older person too. Because it is free from complications.

CLASSIFICATION OF BASTI

In Ayurveda, there are many varieties of the Basti which are
dependant on the amount of the drug, the quality of the substance and the expected action of the Basti, so it can be classified as follows :

Classification Of Basti According To Drugs Used

·     Niruha Basti (Evacuative or Un-unctuous Enema) :

In Niruha Basti, Kashaya (decoction) is the predominant content.
With the Kashaya, Madhu, Saindhava, Sneha and Kalka are the
ingredients commonly used. Its synonyms are Asthapana Basti,
Kashaya Basti etc.
The Basti which eliminate the vitiated Dosha from the body and
increase the strength of the body because of its potency is called Niruha Basti. Because of this enema stabilizes the age (Vaya), stabilizes the
normal functions of Dosha and Dhatu and stabilizes Deha i.e. strength
of the body, is called Asthapana Basti Depending upon drugs and preparations used in Basti it may be classified as follows :
1.      Madhutailaika Basti
2.    Yuktaratha Basti
3.    Yapana Basti
4.    Siddha Basti

·     Anuvasana Basti (Unctuous Enema) :

In this type of Basti only Sneha is used. According to the quantity
of oil given, it is subdivide as follows :

The Sneha Basti which will not cause any harm even if it is
retained for one day and can be administered after taking food,
therefore it is called Anuvasana Basti.

Sneha Basti: 1/4th to the quantity of Niruha i.e. 6 Pala(298ml).

 Anuvasana Basti: The quantity of Sneha is half of the Sneha
Basti i.e. 3 Pala (144ml).

 Matra Basti : This is the minimum quantity of Sneha Basti
(½ of Anuvasana Basti) i.e. 1½ Pala (72ml).

Anatomical Classification :

It depends upon the part of the body used for the administration of
Basti.

Internal Application :

1.      Pakvashayagata Basti
2.    Garbhashayagata Basti
3.    Uttara Basti
4.    Mutrashayagata Basti

External Application :

1.      Vranagata Basti
2.    Kati Basti
3.    Shiro Basti
4.    Netra Basti

5.  Hruday Basti

6.   Uro Basti
7. Griva Basti



According To The Number Of Basti To Be Used :


·        Karma Basti - 30 Basti - 12 Niruha & 18 Anuvasna Basti
·        Kala Basti - 16 Basti - 6 Niruha & 10 Anuvasana Basti
·        Yoga Basti - 8 Basti - 3 Niruha & 5 Anuvasana Basti
In the above types fixed sequence of Niruha and Anuvasana Basti is
followed.

Pharmacological Classification:


On the basis of pharmacodyamics, the Basti may be classified as
follows:

According to its effects after administration


1.      Shodhana Basti
2.    Lekhana Basti
3.    Brumhana Basti

According to action on Dosha


1.        Utkleshana Basti
2.       Vataghna Basti
3.       Doshahara Basti
4.       Pittaghna Basti
5.       Shamana Basti
6.       Kaphaghna Basti
4.    Shonitaghna Basti

According to potency and property


1.        Ushna Basti
2.       Ruksha Basti
3.       Laghu Basti
4.       Sheeta Basti
5.       Snigdha Basti  
6.       Guru Basti

According to intensity


1.       Mrudu Basti
2.     Tikshna Basti
3.     Madhyama Basti
4.     Picchchha Basti

According To Dose:


1.      Dvadasha Prasritaki Basti
2.    Ekadasha Prasritaki Basti
3.    Nava Prasritaki Basti
4.    Pancha Prasritaki Basti
5.     Chatuha Prasritaki Basti
6.    Ekaika Prasritaki Basti
7.     Padahina Prasritaki Basti

Miscellaneous Classification :


1.      Rakta Basti
2.    Vaitarana Basti
3.    Kshara Basti
4.    Mutra Basti
5.     Mamsa Basti
6.    Kshira Basti

In general approximately 216 kinds of Basti are mentioned by
Acharya Charaka in various chapters of Siddhisthana.